MyConsulLive Services

Source: Government of Greece

The following services are provided to Greek citizens either through an in-person appointment or through the online portal MyConsulLive:

• Certificate of permanent residence abroad for military purposes
• Copy of municipal registration certificate (registration of family record or birth)
• Certificate of residency
• Copy or extract of vital record act of registration
• Pension beneficiary declaration
• Applications/Report

In order to book an appointment online, you will need to have credentials for myTAXISnet. If you do not have your own credentials, someone else can book your appointment using their credentials but you will need to be the one attending the appointment. You will need the following information in order to book an appointment:

1. Your full name, father’s name, mother’s name
2. Your email address
3. Your phone number
4. Your US residential address
5. Your date of birth
6. Your city or town of birth
7. Your passport or Greek ID number

User instructions for the MyConsulLive platform are also available in Greek here.

The following services continue to be offered through in-person appointments only:

• Application for a Greek passport
• Application for a visa to enter Greece
• Vital records / Greek citizenship
• Registration of death
• Notarized acts (e.g. power of attorney)
• Verification of signature of a private individual (e.g. authorization)

For inquiries please contact us by email any time or call us from Monday to Friday
(excluding public holidays) during the hours contained in the following table:

Consulate E-mail Telephone Working Hours
Consular Office in Washington +1 202 939 1306 09.30 – 15.00
Consulate General in Boston +1 617 523 0100 09.30 – 15.00
Consulate General in Chicago +1 212 988 5500 09.00 – 14.30
Consulate General in New York +1 312 335 3915 09.30 – 15.00
Consulate General in Tampa +1 813 8650 204 09.30 – 15.00

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ASIA/UZBEKISTAN – Un oratorio, luogo di conoscenza e annuncio del Vangelo

Source: The Holy See in Italian

Headline: ASIA/UZBEKISTAN – Un oratorio, luogo di conoscenza e annuncio del Vangelo

Samarcanda – L’oratorio come luogo di incontro, conoscenza, gioco, relazione umana, socializzazione positiva, di gioia e annuncio del Vangelo. Con questo spirito i sacerdoti dell’Istituto del Verbo Incarnato di Samarcanda hanno allestito un piccolo oratorio nella chiesa di S. Giovanni Battista, allestendo un campo da calcio, da basket e da pallavolo nell’area esterna adiacente alla parrocchia. La speranza è che soprattutto ragazzi e giovani possano avvicinarsi e conoscere la realtà della comunità. A raccontarlo ad Agenzia Fides è il parroco p. Ariel Alvarez Toncovich: “Accanto alla nostra chiesa c’era uno spazio grande e vuoto, così abbiamo deciso di sistemarvi delle porte da calcio, una rete da volley, due canestri da basket e altri giochi per bambini. Il fine è quello di dar vita all’oratorio secondo lo stile di Don Bosco, un aspetto della pastorale che è molto caro al carisma dell’Istituto del Verbo Incarnato. Don Bosco diceva che per avvicinare i più giovani bisogna dar loro qualcosa da fare: la preghiera deve essere l’attività principale, ma non esclusiva. Per questo, è utile partire da proposte educative che passino attraverso il gioco e lo sport, ma sempre con l’accompagnamento dei religiosi: in tal modo, potrà nascere amicizia tra bambini e sacerdoti ed è proprio attraverso l’amicizia che si può parlare ai ragazzi di Dio. La nostra parrocchia era un po’ vuota in questo senso, quindi ci siamo impegnati per dare ai ragazzi qualcosa da fare quando vengono a trovarci per pregare”.

AFRICA/BURKINA FASO – Una parrocchia diventa centro di accoglienza per gli sfollati interni

Source: The Holy See in Italian

Headline: AFRICA/BURKINA FASO – Una parrocchia diventa centro di accoglienza per gli sfollati interni

Bourzanga – “La situazione degli sfollati interni nella parrocchia di Bourzanga è di assoluta emergenza. Come risultato degli attacchi di miliziani iniziati nel 2015, c’è stato un ampio spostamento di persone. Gli attacchi sono iniziati a Ouaga, al confine con il Mali e si sono estesi alla nostra parrocchia, dove i villaggi nel nostro territorio sono stati attaccati. Alcuni cristiani sono stati uccisi solo perché erano cristiani. Questo ha portato alla paura e alla fuga della popolazione. All’inizio tutti i cristiani hanno lasciato il posto e noi li abbiamo accolti nella parrocchia. Più tardi, anche i musulmani si sono riversati in questa zona. La parrocchia ha accolto tutti e sul nostro terreno di 9 ettari e nel giro di due mesi abbiamo accolto oltre 36mila persone”. Lo racconta all’Agenzia Fides don Bertrand Sawadogo, parroco a Bourzanga, riferendo della situazione degli sfollati interni nella sua parrocchia.

ASIA/LIBANO – Musica in pandemia, per colmare le distanze: la World Youth Orchestra per i ragazzi

Source: The Holy See in Italian

Headline: ASIA/LIBANO – Musica in pandemia, per colmare le distanze: la World Youth Orchestra per i ragazzi

Beirut – Promuovere il linguaggio universale della musica per colmare il vuoto educativo e sociale causato dalla crisi sanitaria ed economica, contribuendo a ridurre le distanze tra le persone. Con questo obiettivo la World Youth Orchestra, orchestra giovanile che riunisce i migliori talenti del mondo, ha avviato in il progetto “WYO4CHILDREN”, grazie al sostegno della “Fondazione Cultura e Arte”, ente italiano impegnato in iniziative culturali e artistiche all’insegna della solidarietà. A beneficiarne sono sei giovani studenti di violino dai sette ai quattordici anni, costretti a interrompere la formazione musicale per le difficoltà economiche e le restrizioni legate al coronavirus. I ragazzi, originari di diverse regioni del Libano, sono seguiti attraverso lezioni individuali, che si svolgeranno in videoconferenza fino a quando le restrizioni anti Covid resteranno in vigore. Per gli studenti è un’occasione preziosa per continuare il loro percorso musicale. Il progetto prevede 250 ore di lezione nel periodo che va da marzo 2021 a marzo 2022.

Vatican to provide vaccines to 300 more of Rome’s poor

Source: The Holy See in Italian

Headline: Vatican to provide vaccines to 300 more of Rome’s poor

On Saturday, the Vatican will be offering Covid-19 vaccines to the homeless and vulnerable people. The Office of Papal Charities is coordinating the initiative, which will take place in the Paul VI Hall. Meanwhile, the “suspended vaccine” campaign, which has already made it possible to help countries in serious difficulty due to the pandemic, is continuing, with contributions exceeding expectations.

Upholding Multilateralism and the UN-centered international system

Source: Government of Norway

Statement by Norway’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ine Eriksen Søreide, on ‘Maintenance of international peace and security: Upholding multilateralism and the UN-centered international system’.

Minister of Foreign Affairs Ine Eriksen Søreide took part in Friday’s debate in the UN Security Council. Credit: MFA

I would like to join others in thanking you, Foreign Minister Wang, for calling and presiding over this important meeting, and the President of the General Assembly, Mr Volkan Bozkir for your intervention.

The Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are keystones of modern international relations.

75 years ago, Australia’s Ambassador Norman Makin – the first president of the Security Council – opened the very first Council meeting with the hope that – and I quote – ‘the Security Council will be a great power for good in the world, and bring that freedom from fear which is necessary before we can hope for progress and welfare in all lands.’

Freedom from fear. That is what it is about. Not just for states – but for individuals in their daily lives.

Norway is convinced that respect for and protection of human rights is a prerequisite for durable international peace and security.

President,

It is vital in this day and age that we reiterate our common commitment to non-aggression, and to the principles of justice and international law, including international humanitarian and human rights law.

We must safeguard and strengthen the international order that has served us so well for 75 years. We are dependent on, and best served by, a predictable, rules-based international order, which makes the world safer and more stable. We are also best served by a world order where small and large states cooperate to find common solutions, where major powers are prevented from acting unilaterally, and where right prevails over might. In fact, the very hallmark of multilateralism is to commit beyond one’s own self-interest.

President,

Absence of inclusive democracy, marginalisation of minorities, authoritarian rule and repression: These are the root causes of violent conflict. Conflicts have become increasingly protracted in nature, have a devastating effect on civilians and civilian infrastructure, and pose a threat to international peace and security. Myanmar and Tigray are among the most recent examples.

The Security Council has played a key role for 75 years. It has prevented, de-escalated and resolved conflicts. Some peacekeeping operations mandated by the Council have been successful, illustrated by the UN being awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1988. Some have failed, and we must learn from those failures.

Our focus should always be on achieving concrete results for people affected by conflict.

The protection of civilians, including children, must remain at the core of our efforts. We must combat sexual and gender-based violence in conflict. Sexual violence is not a side-effect of armed conflict. It’s a weapon of war, and impunity for this crime has to end.

We need to turn commitments into compliance, and resolutions into results.

The inclusion of women in peace efforts will be crucial to our success. No society can truly succeed without the active involvement of women.

President,

We must build on the legacy of the United Nations to confront new challenges, including inter-ethnic or inter-religious conflicts, pandemics and cybercrime, climate-related conflicts, and the rise of non-state armed actors. These are all pressing issues.

Climate change has been recognised as a ‘threat multiplier’ that will aggravate existing conflicts, and can also lead to new ones. It is vital that the Council has access to fact-based information on climate-related security risks in specific country contexts when it takes its decisions.

A threat that deserves wider attention is piracy, robbery at sea, and related maritime crime. The Security Council can and should authorise more robust action to make the world’s oceans safe and secure for maritime commerce.

President,

We need to create a more inclusive multilateralism, drawing on the contributions of civil society, business, academia and other sectors. 

And we must recognise, once again, that no state alone, no matter how powerful, can resolve all the challenges that are before us.

Upholding Multilateralism and the UN-centered international system

Source: Government of Norway

Statement by Norway’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ine Eriksen Søreide, on ‘Maintenance of international peace and security: Upholding multilateralism and the UN-centered international system’.

Minister of Foreign Affairs Ine Eriksen Søreide took part in Friday’s debate in the UN Security Council. Credit: MFA

I would like to join others in thanking you, Foreign Minister Wang, for calling and presiding over this important meeting, and the President of the General Assembly, Mr Volkan Bozkir for your intervention.

The Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are keystones of modern international relations.

75 years ago, Australia’s Ambassador Norman Makin – the first president of the Security Council – opened the very first Council meeting with the hope that – and I quote – ‘the Security Council will be a great power for good in the world, and bring that freedom from fear which is necessary before we can hope for progress and welfare in all lands.’

Freedom from fear. That is what it is about. Not just for states – but for individuals in their daily lives.

Norway is convinced that respect for and protection of human rights is a prerequisite for durable international peace and security.

President,

It is vital in this day and age that we reiterate our common commitment to non-aggression, and to the principles of justice and international law, including international humanitarian and human rights law.

We must safeguard and strengthen the international order that has served us so well for 75 years. We are dependent on, and best served by, a predictable, rules-based international order, which makes the world safer and more stable. We are also best served by a world order where small and large states cooperate to find common solutions, where major powers are prevented from acting unilaterally, and where right prevails over might. In fact, the very hallmark of multilateralism is to commit beyond one’s own self-interest.

President,

Absence of inclusive democracy, marginalisation of minorities, authoritarian rule and repression: These are the root causes of violent conflict. Conflicts have become increasingly protracted in nature, have a devastating effect on civilians and civilian infrastructure, and pose a threat to international peace and security. Myanmar and Tigray are among the most recent examples.

The Security Council has played a key role for 75 years. It has prevented, de-escalated and resolved conflicts. Some peacekeeping operations mandated by the Council have been successful, illustrated by the UN being awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1988. Some have failed, and we must learn from those failures.

Our focus should always be on achieving concrete results for people affected by conflict.

The protection of civilians, including children, must remain at the core of our efforts. We must combat sexual and gender-based violence in conflict. Sexual violence is not a side-effect of armed conflict. It’s a weapon of war, and impunity for this crime has to end.

We need to turn commitments into compliance, and resolutions into results.

The inclusion of women in peace efforts will be crucial to our success. No society can truly succeed without the active involvement of women.

President,

We must build on the legacy of the United Nations to confront new challenges, including inter-ethnic or inter-religious conflicts, pandemics and cybercrime, climate-related conflicts, and the rise of non-state armed actors. These are all pressing issues.

Climate change has been recognised as a ‘threat multiplier’ that will aggravate existing conflicts, and can also lead to new ones. It is vital that the Council has access to fact-based information on climate-related security risks in specific country contexts when it takes its decisions.

A threat that deserves wider attention is piracy, robbery at sea, and related maritime crime. The Security Council can and should authorise more robust action to make the world’s oceans safe and secure for maritime commerce.

President,

We need to create a more inclusive multilateralism, drawing on the contributions of civil society, business, academia and other sectors. 

And we must recognise, once again, that no state alone, no matter how powerful, can resolve all the challenges that are before us.

Official speeches and statements – May 7, 2021

Source: France-Diplomatie – Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development

1. Lebanon – Introductory remarks by Mr. Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, at his meeting with the press (Beirut – May 7, 2021)

Hello ladies and gentlemen.

I’m finishing a short visit to Beirut and will be heading back to Paris in a few moments, but I’d like to give you an update, first of all to remind you that both in prosperous periods and at painful times, France has always stood by the Lebanese people. On August 6, 2020, the French President reiterated this promise to Lebanese people. I was next to him. I’ve come to emphasize it again: France remains and will remain mobilized in the long term to support the Lebanese population.

Even before the tragedy of August 4, France was helping Lebanon face up to the crisis that was already hitting it. I’m well placed to know that, because I myself brought the international community together over Lebanon in December 2019. Since then, given the urgent nature of the situation, this mobilization on our part hasn’t weakened: quite the contrary. This mobilization has benefited all Lebanese people in a very practical way.

France is delivering on its commitments. More than €85 million has already been pledged to Lebanon. In the four priority areas we’ve identified, our promises have been kept: on reconstruction and the protection of heritage; on access to food; on support to the medical and health sector; and on support to schools and the educational sector. I was able to see this during my discussions with Lebanese people yesterday, and by observing the results of our support activities on the ground: at the Collège des Saints-Coeurs Sioufi; at a health centre situation in the Bourj Hammoud district; at the Oriental Library of Saint Joseph University; and of course at the port of Beirut.

France’s action is also part of a broader collective effort. The President brought the international community together twice, on August 9 and then on December 2, with the United Nations. €250 million in donations were announced: those announcements have been exceeded.

But after more than eight months of deadlock, it’s now clear that Lebanon needs a real modernization of its political and institutional practices. Lebanese society, in all its richness and diversity, is playing an active role to this end. To do so, it can draw on the tradition of democratic pluralism that makes this country strong.

That’s why we are also focusing on the future – and this is my second message. In the face of obstruction from the political parties, during this visit I’ve witnessed once again the vitality of Lebanese civil society. It was those committed Lebanese people that I visited: those working actively to protect Lebanon’s future, its model of society, its unity in diversity, the peaceful coexistence of its communities and cultures. That’s what creates Lebanon’s strength and special unity. In this respect, I believe our support to Lebanon’s schools is essential: that’s where this country’s future talent is formed. It’s where this country’s cohesion takes root. In 2020, we supported more than 180,000 schools and some 90,000 pupils. And we decided to maintain and increase the fund for Middle Eastern schools, which once again this year should provide assistance of some €2 million to the Lebanon’s French-speaking Christian schools.

Preparing the future also means counting on the strength and vitality of Lebanon’s democracy and the active efforts of all its citizens, particularly its young people, to enable the reaffirmation of a State capable of addressing its population’s legitimate needs and aspirations. In this regard, the elections in 2022 will be of major importance. I listened with great interest to several representatives of parties and movements intending to promote plans for different political models. Yesterday evening I also met some exceptional Lebanese women engaged in some tremendous mutually-supportive citizens’ initiatives.

And I have to tell you here that it’s for the Lebanese people and them alone, in full independence and sovereignty, to choose what they want for their country. I note that there are lots of ideas, lots of plans – an abundance. The 2022 elections must provide an opportunity for a genuine democratic debate on Lebanon’s future.

Indeed, it’s urgent to overcome the political deadlock the country is in – and that’s my third message. I clearly expressed this need during my discussions with the President, Speaker of the Parliament and Prime Minister-designate, because they are institutionally responsible for agreeing on a government.

To date, I note that the political players haven’t yet shouldered their responsibilities and haven’t yet started working seriously on the country’s swift recovery. Unless they really step up responsibly today, they’ll have to accept the consequences of this failure, and the consequences of reneging on the commitments they themselves made to the French President on 1 September 2020.

In the meantime, we ourselves are refusing to stand by in the face of obstruction – and I mean obstruction. So we’ve begun to implement restrictive measures in terms of access to French territory, on figures responsible for the political deadlock that exists and figures implicated in corruption. It’s only a start: if the stalemate persists, these measures may be toughened or extended. They may also be augmented with the means of pressure the European Union possesses, on which discussions have already begun with our European partners. Everyone must shoulder their responsibilities: we’re shouldering ours; it’s for Lebanon’s leaders to decide whether they want to overcome the stalemate they’ve been organizing for more than eight months. I’m convinced it’s possible. It’s possible if they want to. They can act. It’s up to them to do so.

To conclude, I repeat: if France is making active efforts, it’s for the Lebanese people, all Lebanese people, so that they don’t lose faith in the possibility of a just State and effective governance. It’s for all Lebanese people, to support them in building a future whose shape they must define themselves. At several moments yesterday I met Lebanese citizens who have decided to take up this challenge, with not only courage but also great dignity. It’s to them that I’ve come to send this essential message: France will be listening to them and will support their legitimate aspirations.


2. United Kingdom – Press briefing by the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs Deputy Spokesperson (excerpt) (Paris – May 6, 2021)

(…)

Do you have any comment on the deployment of British military vessels off the Jersey coast because of the fishing dispute? Are direct negotiations taking place between Paris and London?

Amid the tensions that followed the British failure to abide by the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement in regard to licenses for our fishermen in British waters, we are acting in a spirit of responsibility.

We hope the situation will be swiftly resolved by the full and total implementation of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, which provides for continued access to British waters for fishermen with a history of working in those waters prior to Brexit. It is our only goal, and we want to use all the leverage at our disposal to protect the fishing industry and enable it to continue its activities.

The Trade and Cooperation Agreement provides frameworks for dialogue between the United Kingdom and the European Union in the event of difficulties. We are working very closely with the European Commission, which represents the EU in these bodies, and the Minister of State for European Affairs, attached to the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, spoke this morning with David Frost, Britain’s Minister of State responsible for relations with the European Union.

Together with the Ministry of Marine Affairs, we remain committed to supporting our fishing industry. On April 23, the European Commission approved a €100 million plan to support that sector. (…)


3. United Kingdom – Conversation between Franck Riester and Greg Hands, Minister of State for Trade Policy (May 5) – Press briefing by the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs Spokesperson (excerpt) (Paris – May 5, 2021)

Franck Riester, Minister Delegate for Foreign Trade and Economic Attractiveness, attached to the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, will speak today with Greg Hands, British Minister of State for Trade Policy

The Minister Delegate will discuss the importance of fully implementing and upholding the Withdrawal Agreement, especially the Northern Ireland Protocol, as well as the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, notably in order to ensure a level playing field.

The Minister Delegate will underscore the importance of strengthening the multilateral trade system. He will reaffirm France’s support for the establishment of a carbon border adjustment mechanism and his attachment to the key role of the G7 with respect to trade and sustainable development. The Minister Delegate will also discuss the dispute between Airbus and Boeing and will reaffirm the need to find a swift solution.

Lastly, the Minister Delegate will reiterate to the British Minister of State the need for France to be able to continue to send volunteers in the International Internship (VIE) program to the United Kingdom and to swiftly define the appropriate framework. (…)


4. Foreign Trade – Attractiveness – Interview given by Mr. Franck Riester, Minister Delegate for Foreign Trade and Economic Attractiveness, attached to the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, to the daily newspaper Ouest-France (Paris – May 6, 2021)

How healthy are foreign-oriented businesses?

Obviously the international context has deteriorated. There was a reduction in trade in 2020 – nearly 10% globally. Some industries were especially affected. That was the case with the automotive industry, aerospace and tourism. But our export system is resilient. It’s solid. For example, at the beginning of 2021 we regained the number of exporting companies we’d had in 2020. There are almost 130,000 of them.

The crisis has speeded up new modes of consumption. Is there a threat hanging over exports?

It’s important for us to relocate some of our production to France in order to be less dependent on foreign, particularly Chinese, suppliers. One of the goals we’re pursuing when it comes to the recovery is to support that relocation. However, we mustn’t turn in on ourselves. We have international opportunities that are exceptional.

You’re in Mayenne today, Thursday. How do you view the attractiveness of the regions?

France’s attractiveness depends on its regions. In 2020, 70% of foreign investment projects in France were in towns of under 20,000 inhabitants. That nurtures the regions. There are some very quantifiable factors to attractiveness, like taxation, administrative constraints, etc. They play a role. There’s also quality of life: educational and health conditions. It’s increasingly sought after by skilled individuals who leave the major metropolitan areas or return to France after an international career.


5. United Nations – Syria (chemical) – Statement by Mr. Nicolas de Rivière, permanent representative of France to the United Nations at the Security Council (New York – May 6, 2021)

[translation from French]

Mr. President,

I thank Ms. Nakamitsu for her briefing and once again I wish to commend her work and that of the OPCW.

France welcomes the adoption, by a very large majority, of the decision we proposed on behalf of 46 delegations at the 25th Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention. This is an important decision taken by responsible States Parties. But let’s be clear, we are not pleased about having to suspend some rights and privileges of a State Party. It is the flagrant and repeated violations of its international commitments that have left us with no choice.

The publication of the second report of the Investigation and Identification Team (IIT) on April 12, 2021 highlights, once again, the crimes of the Syrian regime. It identifies the perpetrators of an attack by dropping at least one cylinder of chlorine from a military helicopter in the locality of Saraqib on February 4, 2018. That attack claimed 12 lives. We are now certain that the perpetrators of these attacks belong to the Syrian Air Force under the authority of the 25th Division of the Special Mission Forces. The use of these weapons by the Syrian regime, once again documented and irrefutable, is unacceptable and will not go unpunished.

If Syria hopes to restore its rights and privileges, then it must comply with its international obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention to which it chose to adhere. It must behave as a responsible player and finally shed full light on its initial declaration. I note with regret that new pending issues continue to be added to the list of older issues, as the Secretariat’s communication of 16 April confirms. How is it that we are still at this point more than seven years after the adoption of Resolution 2118?

I say this in all seriousness: the use of chemical weapons cannot go unpunished. The perpetrators of chemical attacks must be held accountable for their crimes. Prosecutions will take place, including before national jurisdictions. These proceedings are necessary to deter anyone from using these weapons. An international convention cannot be violated without consequences. That would only encourage others violate it.

It is in this spirit that we launched in January 2018 in Paris the International Partnership against Impunity for the Use of Chemical Weapons, which is now supported by 40 States and the European Union.

Thank you.

Maurice : Les services du FMI achèvent leur mission de 2021 au titre de l’article IV

Source: IMF in French

le 7 mai 2021

Les communiqués de presse de fin de mission contiennent des déclarations des équipes des services du FMI qui rendent compte de leurs conclusions préliminaires après leur visite dans un pays. Les avis exprimés dans la présente déclaration sont ceux des services du FMI et ne correspondent pas nécessairement à ceux du conseil d’administration du FMI. À partir des conclusions préliminaires de cette mission, les services du FMI établiront un rapport qui, sous réserve de l’approbation de la direction, sera présenté au conseil d’administration pour examen et décision.

  • Maurice a réussi à contenir la pandémie de COVID-19 grâce à de strictes mesures sanitaires.
  • À court terme, il est approprié de mener des politiques budgétaire et monétaire accommodantes. Au sortir de la pandémie, les autorités devront rééquilibrer le budget afin de stabiliser la dette publique, et renforcer les mesures sur le plan monétaire.
  • Pendant la phase de redressement, les autorités doivent privilégier des mesures de soutien visant à améliorer la résilience et la compétitivité de l’économie, ainsi qu’à en accélérer la transformation structurelle à long terme.

Washington. Une mission du Fonds monétaire international (FMI) dirigée par Mme Cemile Sancak s’est entretenue à distance avec les autorités mauriciennes du 19 avril au 7 mai 2021 pour mener les entretiens relatifs aux consultations de 2021 au titre de l’article IV.

À l’issue de ces entretiens à distance, Mme Sancak a fait la déclaration ci-après à Washington :

« Maurice a réussi à contenir la pandémie de COVID-19 jusqu’à présent grâce à de strictes mesures sanitaires. Maurice a enregistré très peu de cas de transmission intérieure de la COVID-19 après un strict confinement national de mars à mai 2020 et la fermeture des frontières jusqu’à début octobre. En s’appuyant sur le solide système public de santé du pays, les autorités ont pu rapidement contenir les flambées épidémiques en mettant en œuvre un dépistage à grande échelle, en assurant un solide traçage des contacts et en isolant strictement tous les cas présumés et confirmés, ainsi qu’en maintenant l’obligation du port du masque dans tous les lieux publics. Lorsque les restrictions aux frontières ont été assouplies, un dépistage général des arrivées et des obligations strictes de quarantaine ont été mis en place. Une flambée de transmissions intérieures a entraîné un deuxième confinement en mars 2021, mais plus court et plus souple que celui de l’an dernier. La campagne de vaccination a débuté en février, et les autorités ont pour objectif de vacciner 60 % de la population d’ici juillet 2021.

« Bien que le pays ait réussi à juguler la pandémie jusqu’à présent, cette dernière a durement touché l’économie du fait du fort recul du tourisme et a contribué à une contraction du PIB réel de près de 15 % en 2020. Les autorités ont mis en œuvre avec succès un ensemble vaste et complet de mesures de relance pour atténuer les répercussions de la pandémie sur l’économie, y compris une subvention salariale et un soutien des revenus pour les indépendants, afin d’aider les entreprises et les ménages tout en préservant la stabilité financière.

« Sur le plan macroéconomique, la tâche principale des autorités consiste à rétablir l’emploi et la croissance même si le secteur du tourisme restera atone au moins jusqu’à la fin de 2022. Les services du FMI prévoient que la croissance avoisinera 5 % en 2021, sur la base d’un certain redressement du tourisme. Cependant, les flux touristiques sont incertains au sortir de la pandémie : ils dépendront de la propension à voyager à mesure que la pandémie s’atténue, ainsi que de la situation dans les autres pays.

« La mission souscrit à la riposte budgétaire globale des autorités et conseille à ces dernières de continuer de mener leur politique budgétaire accommodante pendant la phase de réouverture en engageant des dépenses prioritaires et ciblées pour ouvrir la voie à une croissance résiliente. La mission recommande de privilégier les programmes qui sont compatibles avec les besoins de développement à moyen terme et les objectifs sociaux et environnementaux plus généraux, tels que la transformation numérique, l’inclusion et l’atténuation du changement climatique, pendant la phase de redressement.

« Le gouvernement doit établir un plan de rééquilibrage budgétaire en vue de stabiliser la dette à moyen terme lorsque le pays sera bel et bien sorti de la pandémie afin de préserver la viabilité des finances publiques et de constituer des amortisseurs étant donné la hausse considérable de la dette publique, qui dépassera probablement 90 % du PIB au lendemain de la crise.

« La mission souscrit à la riposte monétaire à la crise et conseille à la banque centrale de continuer de mener une politique monétaire accommodante à court terme. Elle recommande de renforcer le levier de politique monétaire dans la perspective de l’affaiblissement de la crise. Il convient de mettre en place des mécanismes pour soutenir davantage la crédibilité de la banque centrale et consolider une politique monétaire efficace à mesure que l’économie retrouve un niveau normal d’utilisation des capacités de production et que la nécessité d’une normalisation de la politique monétaire apparaît. La loi sur la banque centrale fait actuellement l’objet d’une réforme visant notamment à éviter de nouveaux transferts exceptionnels à l’État, conformément aux bonnes pratiques internationales. Par ailleurs, la mission recommande que la banque centrale se désengage de la Mauritius Investment Corporation (MIC), dont le financement doit s’effectuer par le processus budgétaire.

« Pendant la phase de reprise, les autorités doivent privilégier des mesures de soutien visant à améliorer encore la compétitivité de l’économie, à diversifier celle-ci et à en accélérer la transformation structurelle à long terme afin d’en faire une économie durable et résiliente, reposant sur l’éducation et la technologie.

« La mission salue les efforts concertés que les autorités consentent pour sortir le pays des listes du Groupe d’action financière (GAFI) et de l’Union européenne concernant la lutte contre le blanchiment des capitaux et le financement du terrorisme, et les encourage à poursuivre ces efforts.

« La mission a rencontré Pravind Jugnauth, Premier ministre, Renganaden Padayachy, ministre des Finances, de la Planification économique et du Développement, Harvesh Seegolam, gouverneur de la Banque de Maurice, et d’autres hauts fonctionnaires et représentants de la Banque de Maurice, ainsi que le chef de l’opposition et des représentants du secteur privé, de la société civile et de la communauté diplomatique.

« L’équipe de la mission remercie les autorités de leurs entretiens productifs et de leur excellente coopération. Le FMI se tient prêt à aider les autorités à mettre en œuvre leur programme économique, notamment en développant leurs capacités, et se réjouit de poursuivre un dialogue fructueux. »

Département de la communication du FMI
RELATIONS AVEC LES MÉDIAS

ATTACHÉ DE PRESSE: Lucie Mboto Fouda

TÉLÉPHONE:+1 202 623-7100COURRIEL: MEDIA@IMF.org